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Ontario Wheat Quality

Ontario is situated between the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River Basin, and our temperate climate and fertile soils are key components to producing top quality winter and spring wheat.

Because of Ontario’s size and varied geography, its producers grow several varieties of wheat: from soft wheat in the southwest to hard wheat in the east. Ontario’s wheat production is supported by our proximity to strong transportation infrastructure (highways, rail lines, and river access to ocean ports) and an ample supply of energy sources.

2021 Summary Data

This year, Grain Farmers of Ontario has partnered with SGS Canada, Inc. on the development of the Grains Analytical Testing Laboratory (GATL). The GATL will be conducting this year’s wheat harvest survey program.

Each year, wheat samples are collected from across Ontario with the intent to provide farmers and the grain supply chain, including wheat millers, an average representation of wheat quality in each region and overall for the province. The goal of the program is to collect a representative number of samples from each region to match the production in each area and to represent across the different wheat classes grown. For example, in 2020, 80% of all samples collected were SRW, from which 60% came from the Southwest which closely matches production in that region for SRW.  

This sampling program is an indicator of average quality across the regions and is not a definitive number related to quality from every field or truck load. GFO works with supply chain partners across Ontario who oversee the actual collection of the wheat samples. Each group of samples that are submitted are posted online within roughly 14 days of the harvest date.

The variability in sprouting and falling numbers being seen in 2021 is unprecedented and Grain Farmers of Ontario strongly encourages producers to seek out independent testing on their own samples prior to delivery for an indication of quality. Ensure the sample is representative of the field or the bin. Independent testing opportunities for grain grade, falling number, and vomitoxin are available through SGS Canada. Other testing options, including the Canadian Grain Commission are available.

NOTE: All grading and analysis are conducted by the Grains Analytical Testing Laboratory.

Soft Red Winter

Region*Samples CollectedProtein (%)Moisture (%)Test Weight (kg/hl)**Falling Number (sec)
South West1179.614.678.9262
23-Jul269.515.180.0336
28-Jul329.814.878.2193
02-Aug149.415.879.7303
05-Aug119.513.777.2237
12-Aug49.213.379.7337
17-Aug309.714.078.9251
Northwest519.715.079.1275
05-Aug249.514.979.7306
12-Aug910.015.579.4245
17-Aug189.714.978.3248
Niagara429.314.979.1231
02-Aug279.315.079.2232
12-Aug159.214.678.9230
East3210.114.878.5260
12-Aug2410.014.978.0248
25-Aug810.214.579.7298

*Region line shows up-to-date average
** Test Weight is adjusted to 13.5%

Hard Red Winter

Region*Samples CollectedProtein (%)Moisture (%)Test Weight (kg/hl)Falling Number (sec)
South West511.515.082.2353
02-Aug112.214.584.4335
17-Aug212.415.383.6303
25-Aug210.214.979.7413
North West1911.516.783.1301
05-Aug611.615.383.1324
12-Aug911.118.384.0255
17-Aug412.315.081.2367
East1112.115.681.5329
12-Aug712.215.780.5307
25-Aug412.015.583.2366

*Region line shows up-to-date average

Soft White Winter

Region*Samples CollectedProtein (%)Moisture (%)Test Weight (kg/hl)Falling Number (sec)
South West109.115.878.0216
23-Jul49.217.480.4326
02-Aug39.015.276.6155
05-Aug18.013.273.477
17-Aug29.714.777.5158
North West59.614.678.1218
05-Aug49.814.378.1207
12-Aug19.015.978.1262
East39.714.175.7126
12-Aug39.714.175.7126

*Region line shows up-to-date average

Hard Red Spring

Region*Samples CollectedProtein (%)Moisture (%)Test Weight (kg/hl)Falling Number (sec)
East412.817.183.4352
25-Aug412.817.183.4352

*Region line shows up-to-date average

Wheat sampling regions in Ontario with county names
Wheat sampling regions with county names labeled. Click to expand.

2020 Wheat Technical Bulletins

Ontario Soft Red Winter Wheat Technical Bulletin
Ontario Hard Red Winter Wheat Technical Bulletin
Ontario Soft White Winter Wheat Technical Bulletin
Ontario Hard Red Spring Wheat Technical Bulletin

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