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Ontario Wheat Quality

Ontario is situated between the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River Basin, and our temperate climate and fertile soils are key components to producing top quality winter and spring wheat.

Because of Ontario’s size and varied geography, its producers grow several varieties of wheat: from soft wheat in the southwest to hard wheat in the east. Ontario’s wheat production is supported by our proximity to strong transportation infrastructure (highways, rail lines, and river access to ocean ports) and an ample supply of energy sources.

2022 Summary Data

Grain Farmers of Ontario’s annual wheat harvest survey program is delivered in partnership with SGS Canada, Inc through our joint venture, the Grains Analytical Testing Laboratory (GATL).

Each year, wheat samples are collected from across Ontario with the intent to provide farmers and the grain supply chain, including wheat millers, an average representation of wheat quality in each region and overall for the province. The program aims to collect a representative number of samples from each region to match the production in each area and to represent across the different wheat classes grown.

This sampling program is an indicator of average quality across the regions and is not a definitive number related to quality from every field or truck load. GFO works with supply chain partners across Ontario who oversee the actual collection of the wheat samples, which are then assess by SGS labs. Each group of samples that are submitted are posted online within roughly 14 days of the harvest date.

Grain Farmers of Ontario strongly encourages producers to seek out independent testing on their own samples prior to delivery for an indication of quality. Ensure the sample is representative of the field or the bin. Independent testing for grain grade, falling number, and vomitoxin are available through SGS Canada. Other testing options, including the Canadian Grain Commission are available.

NOTE: All grading and analysis are conducted by the Grains Analytical Testing Laboratory.

Soft Red Winter

Region*Samples CollectedProtein (%)Moisture (%)Test Weight (kg/hl)**Falling Number (sec)
South West1319.314.580.7355
19-Jul359.114.280.9362
25-Jul409.114.481.6356
02-Aug239.614.581.1349
08-Aug329.815.179.1351
26-Aug18.113.579.3332
Niagara659.414.181.0343
25-Jul269.613.981.7352
02-Aug189.014.181.1335
26-Aug219.514.380.0337
North West709.514.580.3344
02-Aug379.614.280.9350
08-Aug69.015.280.1340
15-Aug219.314.380.9342
26-Aug59.414.679.2328
06-Sep19.414.179.3338
East259.314.579.2328
15-Aug149.314.879.0330
26-Aug119.114.678.1314

*Region line shows up-to-date average, date refers to when samples were assessed
** Test Weight is adjusted to 13.5%

Soft White Winter

Region*Samples CollectedProtein (%)Moisture (%)Test Weight (kg/hl)Falling Number (sec)
South West89.615.480.7364
19-Jul69.515.980.6364
25-Jul19.912.781.8362
08-Aug110.613.483.4332
North West99.614.379.7351
08-Aug99.614.379.7351
East27.715.576288
15-Aug27.715.576288

*Region line shows up-to-date average, date refers to when samples were assessed

Hard Red Winter

Region*Samples CollectedProtein (%)Moisture (%)Test Weight (kg/hl)Falling Number (sec)
North West1411.315.182.6361
08-Aug711.715.883.0365
26-Aug711.214.681.3362
06-Sep19.614.179.2339
East1010.414.881.4358
15-Aug510.814.683.9354
26-Aug510.115.379.2356

*Region line shows up-to-date average, date refers to when samples were assessed

Hard Red Spring

Region*Samples CollectedProtein (%)Moisture (%)Test Weight (kg/hl)Falling Number (sec)
North West512.216.679.4353
14-Sep512.216.679.4353

*Region line shows up-to-date average, date refers to when samples were assessed

Wheat sampling regions in Ontario with county names
Wheat sampling regions with county names labeled. Click to expand.

2021 Wheat Technical Bulletins

Ontario Soft Red Winter Wheat Technical Bulletin
Ontario Hard Red Winter Wheat Technical Bulletin
Ontario Soft White Winter Wheat Technical Bulletin
Ontario Hard Red Spring Wheat Technical Bulletin

2020 Wheat Technical Bulletins

Ontario Soft Red Winter Wheat Technical Bulletin
Ontario Hard Red Winter Wheat Technical Bulletin
Ontario Soft White Winter Wheat Technical Bulletin
Ontario Hard Red Spring Wheat Technical Bulletin

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